Pakistan Page

Pakistan A Moderate, Progressive, Islamic Nation State

 

Pakistan Profile

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan gained independence from the British Empire on 14th August 1947. On the division of the sub continent into two independent states of India and Pakistan after a struggle for independence for the Muslim majority populations of the eastern and western regions of British India by Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, who is also the founder and the father of the nation. With the adoption of its constitution in 1956, Pakistan became an Islamic republic. However in 1971 a civil war in East Pakistan resulted in the creation of Bangladesh. The seat of the federal government is based in the city of Islamabad, which is the Republic’s capital.

Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories. It is the only Muslim-majority State to possess Nuclear Weapons. With over 170 million people, it is the sixth most populous country in the world and has the second largest Muslim population after Indonesia. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country with a similar variation in its geography and wildlife. With a semi-industrialized economy, it is the 27th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power, however it continues to face major socioeconomic, political and security challenges, including increasing extremism and terrorism.

Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed force and a nuclear weapons state. Its history has been characterized by periods of military rule, political instability and conflicts with neighboring India.Pakistan is designated as a major non-NATO ally of the United States. It is a founding member of the Organization of the Islamic Conference and a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, Next Eleven economies and the G20 developing nations.

Geographically Pakistan is located in South Asia. It has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and the China in the far northeast. Tajikistan also lies very close to Pakistan but is separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor. Strategically it is located in a position between the important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East.

The region forming modern Pakistan was the site several ancient cultures including the Neolithic Mehrgarh and the bronze era Indus Valley Civilization. Subsequently it was the recipient of Vedic, Persian, Indo-Greek, Islamic, Turco-Mongol, and Sikh cultures through several invasions and/or settlements. As a result the area has remained a part of numerous empires and dynasties including the Persian empires, Islamic caliphates and the Mongol, Mughal, Sikh and British Empires.

Despite having an image problem, and once listed as one of the most dangerous countries in the world, Pakistan because of its diverse cultures, peoples and landscapes, is still a major tourist attraction. The variety of attractions range from the ruins of ancient civilizations such as Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Taxila, to the Himalayan hill-stations, that attract those interested in field and winter sports. Pakistan also has five out of fourteen mountain peaks of height over 8,000 metres (26,250 ft), that attract adventurers and mountaineers from around the world, especially to K2.

In Balochistan there are many caves for cavers and tourists to visit especially the Juniper Shaft Cave, the Murghagull Gharra cave, Mughall saa cave, and Pakistan's naturally decorated cave, the Mangocher Cave. Pakistan is a member country of the Union International de Spéléologie (UIS).

The northern parts of Pakistan are home to several historical fortresses, towers and other architecture including the Hunza and Chitral valleys, the latter being home to the Kalash, a small pre-Islamic Animist community. Punjab is also the site of Alexander's battle on the Jhelum River. The historic city of Lahore is considered Pakistan's cultural centre and has many examples of Mughal architecture such as the Badshahi Masjid, Shalimar Gardens, Tomb of Jahangir and the Lahore Fort. The Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation (PTDC) also helps promote tourism in the country. Pakistan receives 500,000 tourists annually, with almost half of them heading to northern Pakistan.

Pakistan - Facts

Founder of Pakistan
Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah

Quote Of Quaid

So said the Quaid

"The people of Pakistan desire nothing which is not their own, nothing more than the good-will and friendship of the free nations of the world. We in Pakistan are determined that having won our long-lost freedom we will work to the utmost limit of our capacity not only to build up a strong and happy state of our own but to contribute in the fullest possible measure to international peace and prosperity."
26th February, 1948.

Map of
Pakistan

National Poet
Allama Muhammad Iqbal

President of Pakistan
Mr.Mamnoon Hussain

Prime Minister of Pakistan
Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif

Official Name Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Founder of Pakistan Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) 

Head of State Mamnoon Hussain, President

Head of Government  Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister

Chairman Senate Mr. Farooq Hamid Naek

Speaker National Assembly Dr. Fehmida Mirza

Capital Islamabad

 

Area

Total796,095 Sq. km.
Punjab
Sindh
Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
Balochistan
Federally Admin Tribal Areas (FATA)
Islamabad (Capital)
205,344 Sq. km. 
140,914 Sq. km. 
74,521 Sq. km. 
347,190 Sq. km. 
27,220 Sq. km. 
906 Sq. km.
 
Population 165 million (estimated)-132 million (1998 census)  
Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa , Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa  is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Districts.
 

Religion 95% Muslims, 5% others.

Annual per capita income US $1085

GDP 5.8% Currency Pak. Rupee.

Imports Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.

Exports Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit

Languages Urdu (National) and English (Official) Literacy rate 53%

Government Parliamentary form

Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., Senate (Upper House) and National Assembly (Lower House).

The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolizes a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.

The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).

Pakistan National Flag Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities.

National Anthem Approved in August, 1954 
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri 
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla 
Duration: 80 seconds

State Emblem The State Emblem consists of:

1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam 
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops 
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
4. Quaid's motto: Faith, Unity, Discipline

Pakistan's Official Map Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)

National Flower Jasmine. National Tree Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).

National Animal Markhor. National Bird Chakor (Red-legged partridge)

Flora Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry

Fauna The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls

Popular games Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.

Tourist's resorts Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit

Archaeological sites Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.

Major Cities Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot

Major Crops Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane

Agricultural Growth Rate 4.1 % on the average for the last six years--1.5% in 2007-08

Total cropped area 25.01 million hectares

Industry Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding

 

Energy

Major sources

Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) 
Oil, Coal and Liquid Petroleum Gas  

Power Generating Capacity

 22763 MW

 

Health

 

Transport & Communication

Hospitals

 916

Dispensaries

 4,600

Basic Health Units (BHUs)

 5,301

Maternity & Child Health Centres

 906

Rural Health Centres (RHCs)

 552

Tuberculosis (TB) Centres

 289

Hospital Beds

 99,908 

Doctors (registered)

 113,206 

Dentists (registered)

 6,127 

Nurses (registered)

 48,446

Paramedics

 23,559

Lady Health Workers

 6,741

 

Total length of roads

 259, 758 km 

Pakistan Railway network

 7,791 km 

Locomotives

580

Railway stations

 781 

Pakistan International Airlines

Covers 38 international and 24 domestic stations with a fleet of 49 planes.

Major Airports

Eight (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar)

 

Education

 

Seaports

Primary Schools

155,000

Middle Schools

28,728 

High Schools

16,100

Secondary Vocational Institutions

636

Arts & Science Colleges

1,066

Professional Colleges

382

Universities

51

 

International

Three (Karachi, Bin Qasim and Gwadar

Fish Harbours-Cum-Mini Ports

Three (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)

 

Employment

 

Communications

Total Labour force

 46.84 million

Employed Labour Force

 43.22 million

Agriculture Sector

 18.60 million

Manufacturing & Mining sector

 5.96 million

Construction

 2.52 million

Trade

 6.39 million

Transport

 2.48 million 

Others

 6.98 million

 

 

 

Post Offices

12,170

Telephone connections

5,052,000

Public Call Offices

217,597

Telegraph offices

299

Internet Connections

2 million

Mobile Phones

10,542,641

 

Media

 

Communications

Print Media (In accordance with Central Media List)

 
 

Dailies

 540

Weeklies

 444 

Fortnightlies

 55

Monthlies

 268

 

News Agencies

 

Official

APP

 

Private

PPI, NNI, On Line and Sana.

 

Electronic Media

Television

Public Sector

Pakistan Television Corporation. Five TV centres at Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi covering 88.58% population and 49 re-broadcasting stations. 6 channels: PTV Home, PTV News, PTV National (Regional programming in Balochi, Pashto, Punjabi, Sindhi), PTV Global (for U.S.A.), PTV Bolan (PTV Quetta) and AJK TV (Azad Jammu & Kashmir Television – Kashmiri channel for local viewers)

Private Sector

More than 50 channels {Pakistan Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has issued licences to more than 81 applicants so far}

Radio

Public:

Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (Radio Pakistan) has 31 radio stations throughout Pakistan besides eight FM stations at Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, Faisalabad, Sialkot and Hyderabad. Besides its World Service in English and Urdu, Radio Pakistan beams its external services in seven languages to different parts of the world.

Private:

PEMRA has issued licences for the establishment of more than 100 FM Radio stations including universities for educational purposes. A number of radio stations are already operational in major cities of Pakistan.

 

Cable Operators

 More than 900

 

Banks

Central Bank                
State Bank of Pakistan  

Nationalized Scheduled Banks
First Woman Bank Ltd. 
National Bank of Pakistan     

                                                     

Specialized Banks 
Zarai Taraqiati Bank (ZTBL)
Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan
Punjab Provincial Cooperative Bank Ltd

 

Private Scheduled Banks
Askari Commercial Bank Limited
Bank Al-Falah Limited
My Bank Limited
Faysal Bank Limited
Bank Al-Habib Limited
Metropolitan Bank Limited
KASB Commercial Bank Limited
Prime Commercial Bank Limited
PICIC Commercial Bank Limited
Soneri Bank Limited
Union Bank Limited

Pak Libya Holding Company (Pvt) Ltd
Pak-Oman Investment Company (Pvt) Ltd
Saudi Pak Industrial and Agricultural Investment Co. (Pvt) Ltd

 

Investment Banks 
Crescent Investment Bank Limited
First International Investment Bank Limited
Atlas Investment Bank Limited
Security Investment Bank Limited
Fidelity Investment Bank Limited
Prudential Investment Bank Limited
Islamic Investment Bank Limited
Asset Investment Bank Limited
Al-Towfeek Investment Bank Limited
Jahangir Siddiqui Investment Bank Limited
Franklin Investment Bank Limited
Orix Investment Bank (Pak) Limited

Meezan Bank Limited
Saudi-Pak Commercial Bank Limited
Crescent Commercial Bank Limited
Dawood Bank Limited
NDLC-IFIC Bank Limited (NIB)

Allied Bank of Pakistan Limited
United Bank Limited

 

Bank Al-Habib Limited

Metropolitan Bank Limited
KASB Commercial Bank Limited
Prime Commercial Bank Limited
PICIC Commercial Bank Limited
Soneri Bank Limited
Union Bank Limited
Meezan Bank Limited
Saudi-Pak Commercial Bank Limited
Crescent Commercial Bank Limited
Dawood Bank Limited
NDLC-IFIC Bank Limited (NIB)

 

Allied Bank of Pakistan Limited
United Bank Limited
Habib Bank Limited
SME Banks

 

Foreign Banks 
ABN Amro Bank N.V
Albaraka Islamic Bank BSC (EC)
American Express Bank Limited
Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi Limited
Citibank N.A
Deutsche Bank A.G.
Habib Bank A.G. Zurich
Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corp Limited
Oman International Bank S.O.A.G
Rupali Bank Limited
Standard Chartered Bank Limited

 

Development Financial Institutions
Pakistan Industrial Credit and Investment Corp. Ltd
Pak Kuwait Investment Company (Pvt) Ltd

Pak Libya Holding Company (Pvt) Ltd
Pak-Oman Investment Company (Pvt) Ltd
Saudi Pak Industrial and Agricultural Investment Co. (Pvt) Ltd

 

Investment Banks 
Crescent Investment Bank Limited
First International Investment Bank Limited
Atlas Investment Bank Limited
Security Investment Bank Limited
Fidelity Investment Bank Limited
Prudential Investment Bank Limited
Islamic Investment Bank Limited
Asset Investment Bank Limited
Al-Towfeek Investment Bank Limited

Jahangir Siddiqui Investment Bank
 

Famous Mountain Peaks

 

Famous Mountain Passes

 

Height

World Rating

K-2 (Chagori)

8616 m

2nd

Nanga Parbat

8125 m

8th

Gasherbrum-I

8068 m

11th

Broad Peak

8065 m

12th

Gasherbrum-II

8047 m

14th

Gasherbrum-III

7952 m

15th

Gasherbrum-IV

7925 m

16th

Disteghil Sar

7885 m

20th

Kunyang Kish

7852 m

22nd

Masherbrum(NE)

7821 m

24th

Rakaposhi

7788 m

27th

Batura I

7785 m

28th

Kanjut  Sar

7760 m

29th

Saltoro Kangri

7742 m

33rd

Trivor

7720 m

36th

Tirich Mir7708 m41st
 

Location

Province

The Khyber Pass

 Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa 

The Kurram Pass

 FATA 

The Tochi Pass

 FATA 

The Gomal Pass

 Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa 

The Bolan Pass

 Balochistan 

The Lowari Pass

Chitral (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa) 

The Khunjrab Pass

 Northern Areas 

 

Famous Glaciers

 

Length

Siachin

75 km

Batura

55 km

Baltoro

65 km

 

 

Rivers

 

Deserts

 

Length

The Indus

2,896 km

Jhelum

825 km

Chenab

1,242 km

Ravi

901 km

Sutlej

1,551 km

Beas (tributary of Sutlej)

398 km

 

 

Location/Province

Thar

 Sindh 

Cholistan

 Punjab 

Thal

 Punjab

 

Rivers

 

Deserts

 

Location/Province

Manchar

Sindh

Keenjar

Sindh

Hanna

Balochistan

Saif-ul-Maluk

Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa

Satpara

Northern Areas

Kachura

Northern Areas

 

 

Location/Province

Mangla Dam

 Punjab

Tarbela Dam

 Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa 

Warsak Dam

 Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa