Leadership For Pakistan
Extremism & Terrorism
Introduction & Background
All too often we are reminded that terrorism continues to inflict pain and suffering on people’s lives all over the world. Almost no day goes by without an act of terrorism taking place some where in the Pakistan, indiscriminately killing and maining dozens of innocent people who just happen to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. Unequivocally traumatic in its impact, the crime of terrorism eludes simple analysis. The dark complexity of suicide attacks has exposed inadequacies of security forces, moral philosophers, psychologists and theologians alike. Countering this scourge is in the interest of entire nation and this one issue has been the top agenda of both Pakistan and the countries around the world , for the last two decades.
However despite anti terrorism operations by the military and other law enforcing agencies a lack of political initiative and a much needed dialogue has long been felt. The goal of any program is to have impact. As such strategy forms a basis for any concrete plan of action: to address the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism; to prevent and combat terrorism; to take measures to build state capacity to fight terrorism; to enlist the support of the civil society, particularly religious leadership and the tribal elders.. The Strategy should build on the unique consensus achieved by all the stakeholders to condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and without any further delay adopting and implementing it to promote comprehensive, coordinated and consistent responses, at the local ,provincial and national level.
Our commitment should stem from our fundamental conviction which we all share: that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, committed by whomever, wherever and for whatever purposes, is unacceptable and can never be justified.
Stake Holders Consensus
Uniting around that conviction is the basis for what we hope will be a collective national effort to fight terrorism -- an effort bringing together Government, political parties,the civil society and the private sector, the academia and intelligentsia ,religious scholars, -- each using their comparative advantage to supplement the others.
Implementing a national strategy requires us to dissuade people from resorting to terrorism or supporting it, by driving a wedge between terrorists and their potential constituencies. We need to launch a national campaign of Governments, the civil society and the private sector, and a other stake holders with the message that terrorism is unacceptable in any form, and that there are far better and more effective ways for those with genuine grievances to seek redress. One of the clearest and most powerful ways we can do that is by refocusing our attention on the victims. It is high time we took serious and concerted steps to build national solidarity with them, respecting their dignity as well as expressing our compassion.
A effective strategy should be further built on the “five Ds”-- the fundamental components which are:
- Dissuading people from resorting to terrorism or supporting it;
- Denying terrorists the means to carry out an attack;
- Deterring States from supporting terrorism;
- Developing State capacity to defeat terrorism, and;
- Defending human rights.
All five are interlinked conditions crucial to the success of any strategy against terrorism. To succeed, we sill need to make progress on all these fronts.
Urgent steps to build and to strengthen the government capacity is vital to make it effective in all the relevant areas -- from promoting the rule of law and effective criminal justice systems to ensuring law enforcing organizations have the means to counter the financing of terrorism; from strengthening capacity to preventing national assets from falling into the hands of terrorists, to improving the ability of the government to provide assistance and support for victims and their families.
The police and the civil administration be trained , motivated and better equipped with the latest and modern weaponry and technological advances to enhance their ability to successfully strike at the terrorists.
Countering Terrorism Facilitators
Denying terrorists the means to carry out an attack means denying them access both to weapons and to financial resources to acquire them . That will require innovative thinking from all of us about today’s threats -- including those which government cannot address by themselves . Similarly, it will mean working together to counter terrorists’ growing use of the Internet. We must find ways to make sure that this powerful tool becomes a weapon in our hands, not in theirs.
Our work in deterring those who support terrorism must be rooted firmly in our law -- creating a solid legal basis for common actions, and holding law enforcing agencies accountable for their performance in meeting their obligations. This work is intimately linked with the need to develop government capacity to defeat terrorism.
Finally, defending human rights runs like a scarlet thread through the needle. It is a prerequisite to every aspect of any effective counter-terrorism strategy. It is the bond that brings the different components together. That means the human rights of all -- of the victims of terrorism, of those suspected of terrorism, of those affected by the consequences of terrorism.
Government must ensure that any measures taken to combat terrorism comply with their obligations under national and international law, in particular human rights law, refugee law and international humanitarian law. Any strategy that compromises human rights will play right into the hands of the terrorists.
National Action Plan
The National Action Plan is an action plan that was established by the Government of Pakistan in January 2015 to crack down on terrorism and to supplement the ongoing anti-terrorist offensive in North-Western Pakistan. It is considered as a major coordinated state retaliation following the deadly Peshawar school attack. The plan received unprecedented levels of support and co-operation across the country's political spectrum, inclusive of the federal and provincial governments.
Global And National Efforts
All countries in every region -- large or small, strong or weak -- are vulnerable to terrorism and its consequences. They all stand to benefit from a strategy to counter it. They all have a role to play in preventing it and responding to the challenges as they evolve.
It is also essential that the government as soon as possible,devise a Comprehensive national anti terrorism strategy and enact a law ,building on national consensus if possible.
By adopting and implementing a comprehensive counter-terrorism strategy, our Government will have a historic opportunity to confront he vicious scrouge of terrorism and demonstrate its resolve to challenge and eradicate and eliminate it.
Operation Zarb-e-Azb is a joint military offensive conducted by the Pakistan Armed Forces against various militant groups, including the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the East Turkestan Islamic Movement, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, al-Qaeda, Jundallah and the Haqqani network. The operation was launched on 15 June 2014 in North Waziristan along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border as a renewed effort against militancy in the wake of the 8 June attack on Jinnah International Airport in Karachi, for which the TTP and the IMU claimed responsibility. Part of the war in North-West Pakistan, up to 30,000 Pakistani soldiers were involved in Zarb-e-Azb, described as a "comprehensive operation" to flush out all foreign and local militants hiding in North Waziristan. The operation has received widespread support from the Pakistani political, defence and civilian sectors. As a consequence, the overall security situation improved and terrorist attacks in Pakistan dropped to a six-year low since 2008.
For the first time, the Pakistani military implemented a military strategy called "Seek, Destroy, Clear, Hold." The Pakistani military will seek the target. Once found, it will be destroyed. When destroyed, the infrastructure, bodies and weapons will be cleared and the area will be held both during this time and after its completion to ensure post-operation security and infrastructure rebuilding and/or area rehabilitation. The Seek and Destroy component is from the Vietnam War whereas the Clear and hold component is from the Iraq War. The Pakistani military combined the two doctrines as a single doctrine for the operation to be successful.
Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad launched by Pakistan Army on 22nd Feb 2017— Radd-ul-Fasaad which translates roughly to 'elimination of discord' — will aim at indiscriminately eliminating the "residual/latent threat of terrorism", consolidating the gains made in other military operations, and further ensuring the security of Pakistan's borders, Pakistan Air Force, Pakistan Navy, Civil Armed Forces (CAF) and other security and law enforcing agencies (LEAs) will actively participate in and 'intimately support' the armed forces' efforts to eliminate the menace of terrorism from the country
The effort entails conduct of Broad Spectrum Security / Counter-Terrorism (CT) operations by Rangers in Punjab, continuation of ongoing operations across the country, and focus on more effective border security management"Countrywide de-weaponisation and explosive control are additional cardinals of the effort. Pursuance of National Action Plan will be the hallmark of this operation. he federal government had approved a request forwarded by the Government of Punjab for the deployment of Rangers personnel in the province.
Punjab Govt had requested the federal government to deploy over 2,000 Rangers personnel in the province, who would be given policing powers to conduct intelligence-based operations (IBOs) against militants, wherever required and with full authority.
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