Think Tank Area/Country Studies

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Area/Country Studies


History And The Concept

Today’s area studies can be seen as having their origins in the colonial expansion of European powers during the 18th century and the accompanying academic efforts to better understand the languages, cultures, and social organizations of colonized peoples. In that sense, area studies emerged as a “child of empire,” often driven by commercial and political interests or the perceived civilizing mission of the colonial powers.

At the same time, the study of ancient civilizations, ethnic codes, social hierarchies, or foreign languages was part of the much broader process of the extension of Western science across the globe....


What are Area and Country Studies

Area and country studies are interdisciplinary fields of research and scholarship pertaining to the description and analysis of the anthropological, historical settings and the social, economic ,geo political, international relations and national security systems and institutions, of the specific regions and countries throughout the world and seek to understand and examine the complexity and the interrelatedness of those systems and the ways they are shaped by the societal and cultural factors. They undertake to research a particular area to explore it further aided by the contextualization provided by in-depth knowledge of specific regions and countries to understand them and their people.

Scope of Work

Looking beyond the big picture of globalization and development area and country studies work at the cross-roads of several disciplines ,examines the interplay within and between topics related to study of changing world orders, the investigation of portals of globalization , political regimes and party systems, conflicts and their management, migration and social policy, innovation and direct investment, and regional powers. The findings are of vital importance as source of knowledge for the leadership and decision makers in the public and the private sectors at the local, the national, the regional, and the global for offer a better understanding of the contemporary world.

Area specific issues

Progress scholars, researchers, experts and analysts explore and investigate a number of different, yet interrelated area specific issues such as , social protests and urbanization in China, the crises in the Middle East, gender in Japan, sovereignty in East Asia, ethnicity in South Asia, reconciliation in Africa, democracy and security in Latin America, p research and analytical interpretation ,Presidentialism in Russia and the role of increasing populism in international relations which revolve around the common puzzle of global challenges.

The area studies also concentrates on the role of socio-economic changes in foreign policy decision-making; the interplay of domestic factors; how this influences a state's foreign policy; and the impact this can have on regional and global interactions.

Research And Analytical Guidelines

Their research and analytical interpretation is guided by a set of overarching questions addressing specific issues:

  • How can participation and accountability in different political regimes be created and maintained?
  • How can peace and security be achieved and conflict be overcome?
  • How can inclusive and sustainable development be fostered?
  • How do power and ideas influence global norm setting and policy making?
  • How the effects of globalization, the current and emerging issues and the seen and unforeseen crisis have consequences at the national and transnational levels?
  • And how is the rise of actors such as Brazil, China, India or South Africa influencing regional and global power shifts?

Research Agenda

The research agenda is, often carried out in joint projects with other institutions, and comprises the study of changing world orders, the investigation of portals of globalization and a reflexive approach towards Global and Area Studies including the history of scientific paradigms and academic institutions in world-wide comparison. The studies are based on and elaborate arguments and analysis of the collected data.

The research agenda of the Institute, often carried out in joint projects with other institutions, comprises the study of changing world orders, the investigation of portals of globalization and a reflexive approach towards Global and Area Studies including the history of scientific paradigms and academic institutions in world-wide comparison

Security policy in Latin America, social protests in China, the crises in the Middle East, and the role of increasing populism in international relations.

Objectives of Area/Country Studies

  • To accumulate and make available a body of knowledge of practical utility regarding the principal areas of the world
  • Build an interdisciplinary and/or comparative understanding of different regions for promoting, supporting and strengthening relationships and forging new alliances in the domain of trade, security, environment, technology, investment and many others.
  • To help in identifying the global challenges and key threats to the security of regions and clarifying the strategic objectives in dealing with them.
  • To update the national leaders and decision makers on the changing global scenario, and to make them cognizant and sensitive to the requirements of changing dynamics and realities in the international arena.
  • To provide appropriate knowledge and information for assisting decision and policy makers for translating the specific domain knowledge into practical and innovative solutions to the many challenges our nation faces in the 21st Century world.
  • To develop a new and innovative concepts to analyze the actions and activities of states that tend to be relatively ignored by other related disciplines.
  • To coordinate and initiates joint research projects and programs, lectures and workshops and to promote exchange with national and international research institutions from science, politics, economics ,religion, culture and the civil society.
  • Communicate research, information and knowledge to non-academic audiences in ways that ensure real-world impact
  • To provide a platform for interaction dialogue ,discussion for scholars , researchers, experts and students interested and seeking particular interdisciplinary approaches to field of area and country studies.


Progress also encourages collaboration and offers to facilitate the exchange of scholarship, interaction and cooperation between academia, scholars, university faculty – professors, senior researchers, and PhD students, extra-university research institutes and corporate organizations – that are interested in the study of area and country studies and related activities to further their information, knowledge and business strategies.

Collaboration with Progress offers many opportunities to become involved in the seminars, colloquia, conferences, working groups, and cultural events organized by Progress, which in turn may help in discovering an appropriate research environment for individual and group projects.

South Asia/SAARC

South Asia is undergoing radical socio economic, political and geostrategic changes. The region is of growing and overlapping interest to China ,Russia and India to wnich are intertwined with the greatest complexity the interests of USA. With rapid economic development of the region and the consequential changes in military security situations, the competition between China and the U.S. in the region has intensified, with more contradictions and frictions The studies attempt to . . . .


Mena-Libya, Iraq, Sirya

Middle Eastern societies are among the youngest in the world in context to the changing global dynamics often creating sharp juxtapositions between tradition and modernity and creative efforts to bridge differences between the two.The area studies work analyzes and provide a broad-based approach to the region’s politics ,diplomacy, security, and socioeconomic issues related to the Middle East and North Africa, with special attention to the ways that changes in the Middle East and North Africa have. . . .



Of the many challenges in the twenty-first century, China’s seem to be among the largest and most globally influential. Whether in relation to burgeoning economic influence, unparalleled demographic change, pressing environmental degradation, or tenuous geopolitical horizons, China encapsulates many of the world’s issues on a truly massive scale. The studies help to analyzing the rise of China from all angles to help build understanding and inform Pakistan’s policy toward China in a local, national, continental . . . .


European Union & UK

Pakistan has a long history of understanding and cooperation with the countries of European union. In the recent times Europe appears to have lost its confidence. In part this is due to its growing disengagement and introspection. But Europe retains huge potential for influence if it uses its resources effectively. There is much that European states can do, individually and together, to take more control over advancing their strategic interests
The studies analyze the key aspects of . . . .


USA & Latin America

The United States has long been at the core of a complicated and thick web of political, economic, military, and social relationships with Pakistan and the region. United States is in the process of changing its international engagement while adapting to its changing circumstances. Its leadership and what this means for US interests the region in general and with Pakistan in particular’ How to respond ,In what direction and with what intensity are of vital importance to Pakistan . . . .


Russia & CAR's

The Russian and CSR studies assist in gaining a deeper knowledge and understanding of the region across a range of disciplines including history, political, socio economic, military and foreign policy aspects. For Russia’s foreign policy has in recent years become more assertive than it had been in the past. . The Kremlin surprised many with its 2008 war in Georgia, its 2014 seizure of Crimea and intervention in eastern Ukraine, and its 2015 deployment of forces in the Syrian civil war . . . .


Turkey & Iran-Others

For further information please contact

Progress Secretariat

Plot No. 73/E-1, 9th Jami Commercial St,
Phase 7, D.H.A, Karachi, Pakistan.
Tel: (9221) 35802346; 35389098;
Fax: (9221) 35380931; Mob: 0300-8289400